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International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)


IIED is a leading international development and environment policy research organization that collaborates with partners to carry out research, advice and advocacy work. Its experts carry out action research — generating robust evidence and know-how that is informed by a practical perspective acquired through hands-on research with grassroots partners. The IIED advises government, business and development agencies.

IIED supports policymakers by providing clear and accessible briefings, opinions, policy recommendations and research findings — written by authoritative experts — on timely topics at the interface of environment and development.

Negotiation Support General

Regional focus:

Generally Africa and Asia

Assistance criteria:

Yes – IIED generally work in countries where they (i) have a good understanding of the issues and local partnerships and (ii) have partnerships with local stakeholders.

Sector focus:

Natural resources including extractive industries and land & agriculture.

Collaboration with partners:

Yes - IIED works extensively with partner organizations in low and middle income countries.

Types of expertise:

Legal: IIED is a think tank, not a law firm. Some of its staff have legal expertise, but do not provide legal advice.

Negotiation strategy: IIED does not provide assistance in connection with specific negotiations. It works ‘upstream’ of individual negotiations to strengthen preparedness in both government and civil society. This may include reviewing past investment contracts and suggesting changes in contractual practice to government negotiators; but also working with national civil society to increase capacity for scrutiny and advocacy on investment contracts.

Environmental impact/ local population.

Social impact and human rights.

Number of in-house experts:

Total staff about 100, four with legal backgrounds, more with expertise in investment contracting issues (e.g. community engagement, contracting chains, etc).

Length of involvement:

Both short and medium-term projects. The IIED provides short term interventions in the form of workshops, and longer term advisory work.

Fee/non-fee based support:

Generally non-fee based, but funding is required to cover costs.

Speed of response:

Depends on funding. Generally responsive.

Practical constraints:

The IIED’s assistance is constrained as a function of available financial resources and concrete opportunities for input.

Types of negotiation support

Setting the Legal & Policy Framework Stage:

Yes - IIED provides assistance with policy formulation and the review and reform of legal and regulatory frameworks.

Pre-Negotiation Stage:

IIED provides assistance with contracts reviews, holds training sessions and has provided input into the development of model contracts.

Contract Negotiation Stage:


Implementation & Monitoring Stage:

Yes – The IIED publishes policy briefs and publications. It is also seeking to promote internet-based exchanges of information and is considering developing a series of webinar on relevant topics for policy makers and stakeholders.

Advancing Knowledge-Sharing and Management:

Yes – The IIED publishes policy briefings and publications. It is also seeking to promote internet-based exchanges of information and is considering developing a series of webinars on relevant topics for policy makers and stakeholders.

Provider Type:

Support Providers