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Social Impact Assessment

A Social Impact Assessment (SIA) "includes the processes of analysing, monitoring and managing the intended and unintended social consequences, both positive and negative, of planned interventions (policies, programs, plans, projects) and any social change processes invoked by those interventions. Its primary purpose is to bring about a more sustainable and equitable biophysical and human environment."

Source: Social Impact Assessment International Principles

Sometimes, social impact assessments are carried out as part of an environmental impact assessment, which may then be called an environmental and social impact assessment (ESIA). 

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